Americans now learn about the Holocaust in high school, watch films about it on television, and visit museums dedicated to preserving its memory. But for the first two decades following the end of World War II, discussion of the destruction of European Jewry was largely absent from Americanculture and the tragedy of the Holocaust was generally seen as irrelevant to non-Jewish Americans.Today, the Holocaust is widely recognized as a universal moral touchstone. In Reluctant Witnesses, sociologist Arlene Stein - herself the daughter of a Holocaust survivor - mixes memoir, history, and sociological analysis to tell the story of the rise of Holocaust consciousness in the United Statesfrom the perspective of survivors and their descendants. If survivors tended to see Holocaust storytelling as mainly a private affair, their children - who reached adulthood during the heyday of identity politics - reclaimed their hidden family histories and transformed them into public stories.Reluctant Witnesses documents how a group of people who had previously been unrecognized and misunderstood managed to find its voice. It tells this story in relation to the changing status of trauma and victimhood in American culture. At a time when a sense of Holocaust fatigue seems to be settingin and when the remaining survivors are at the end of their lives, it affirms that confronting traumatic memories and catastrophic histories can help us make our world mean something beyond ourselves.